The WHO defines Family Planning as the way of thinking and living adopted voluntarily, upon the basis of knowledge , attitudes, and responsible decisions by the individuals and couples , in order to promote the health and welfare of the family group and thus contribute effectively to the social development of the country.
What are the objectives of Family Planning?
• To promote unwanted births
• To promote wanted births
• To regulate good birth spacing between pregnancies
• To determine the number of children in the family
• To control the time at which births occur in relation to the ages of the parents.
• To promote good health of the mother
What is the minimum time difference between pregnancies?
2 years in minimum
What are the methods that are used in Family planning?
There are two basic divisions: Permanent and Temporary methods.
Permanent Methods include: (Minor Surgical Procedures)
• Vasectomy: Males
• Tubectomy: Females
Temporary Methods Include:
• Barrier methods like condoms, diaphragms, Jellies and Pastes
• IUD’s (Intra –Uterine Devices )
• Hormonal Method: Oral Contraceptive Pills, Injections, Subcutaneous Implants and Vaginal Rings
• Post- Conceptional Methods
• Miscellaneous Like Abstinence, Coitus Interuptus, Safe Period Etc
(I will be discussing these on an individual basis in my next posts)
More Common in Nepal: IUD’s (Intrauterine Devices) and Oral Contraceptive Pills.